Gustav Vasa Bible StampBefore the beginning of the Middle Ages, was the language used by educated persons to transmit their knowledge, both religious and academic. Even after the start of medieval times, continued to be the language of choice, but vernacular began to creep its way in to both the religious and the academic circles, with translators beginning to push for the use of local languages in everyday life. Vernacular began to be of use not only for the transmission of religious content (the of the Bible was undoubtedly the most important in terms of impact) but also for literary purposes, especially with regards to sagas and fables.
Writers in the Middle Ages would often take it upon themselves to read and “recreate,” in a way, a story or poem from a different language (say Latin or Greek) and translate it into the English, French, German, respectively. However, many of these writers would take the liberty to make a few changes along with the translation, which would result in an end product that differed greatly from the original. This happened because translation was often associated with the process of personally interpreting texts and writings, and changes were not only not frowned upon but credited and praised depending on how well they were carried out. Translation and interpretation of older texts, such as classic Greek and Roman fables and poems, was put back into the limelight as well during the Renaissance, when people began to look back on those times as the inspiration for how life should be. Thus, it was all the more important to translate into languages that more and more people could understand, not only Latin, so that the ’ reach would be much more widespread.

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