Uzbek is a Turkic language spoken mainly in Uzbekistan, where it is an official language, but also it is also spoken in Australia, China, Germany, Israel, Spain, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Eastern Turkey, Northern Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and the United States of America.
Its writing systems
When the language was in its nascent stages, back in the fourteenth century, it was written with the Arabic alphabet. Around 1920, the Latin alphabet replaced the Arabic writing system, and some 20 years later, another one took its place: Cyrillic.
After the 1990s, the Latin system came to stay as the official alphabet.
Some general information:
* The grammatical order of words is: subject + object + verb: Men kitob yozdim (I book wrote)
* Adjectives precede nouns: U yosh bola (The young child)
* Adverbs precede verbs: U tez gapirdi (He quickly spoke)
* Interrogative pronouns such as what, when, who, where, etc., are located in a question in the same place that the answer would go, as a sort of wildcard: Bu kim? Bu aziz (This is who? This is Aziz), instead of: who is this? This is Aziz.
* To indicate a present, future or past tense, a suffix is added to the root of the verb, and there is an inflection according to the subject: I Kelam (I come) I Keldim (I came).
Uzbek culture is a rich mosaic of multiple ethnic components, with strong participation from the Caucasian and Mongolian cultures. Although Uzbek is the only official language, much of the population speaks Russian and, to a lesser extent, Tajik.